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Home :: Wildlife in South India :: Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary


Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary


Location : 90-Km Southeast Of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
Area : 17.26-Sq. kms
Also Called : Kodikkarai Wildlife Sanctuary
Best Season : Between November And January


Calimere Wildlife SanctuaryPoint Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 17.26 Sq.Kms and is situated 90-km southeast of Thanjavur in a wetland which juts out into the Palk Strait into the sea taking a sharp turn to the west separating India and Sri Lanka. It is surrounded by sea and shore, comprising forests of tidal swamps, dry evergreen forests of mangroves, this coastal sanctuary is also known as "Kodikkarai". It is noted for the vast flocks of migratory waterfowl, especially flamingos, which congregate here every winter. The sanctuary is vast, mostly shrub-land, shaped by the violent monsoon winds and treated mercilessly by feral cattle, horses and the graceful buck. At present cultivation of lobster has been started as the number of birds is decreasing.

Fauna
Special attractions at Point Calimere are the close encounters with Dolphins and Turtles, which often come quite close to the shore. The sanctuary is bestowed with population of varied wild life such as Flamingos, Teals, Gulls, Terns, Plavers, Stilts, Chital, Wild boar, Bonnet macaque, and Black Buck.

Variety Of Birds Visiting The Sanctuary
In the months between November and January, the tidal mud flats and marshes are covered with Teals, Terns, Plovers, Sandpipers, Shanks, Herons, Curlews, Gulls, and up to 3000 Flamingoes at one time. The spring brings in a different set of birds like Koels, Mynas and Barbets that are drawn here by the profusion of wild berries. From April to June there's very little activity; the main rainy season is between October and December.


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Crocodile Bank


Location : 42 Kms From Chennai (Madras), Tamil Nadu
Main Aim : To Protect And Conserve The Endangered Reptiles
Houses : 5,000 Species
Run By : Romulve Whittaker


Crocodile BankLocated 42-km from Chennai (Madras) is a farm where several species of Indian and African crocodiles and alligators are bred in captivity, in the open air. This crocodile bank is on the way to Mahabalipuram and is run by Romulve Whittaker. A countrywide crocodile conservation programme was launched to save these ancient reptiles that have survived the passing of dinosaurs. The species found here other than the Indian varieties have been donated by foreign zoos and croc farms. The Crocodile Bank occupies an area of 3.2 hectares and has been established with an aim to protect and conserve the endangered reptiles such as Crocodiles, Alligators, etc. About 5,000 species are kept in their natural surroundings in open pools.

This farm breeds crocodile to augment the crocodile population of the wildlife sanctuaries. They can be viewed from a safe distance. Tourists in large numbers visit the crocodile bank to see a variety of reptiles, all in one place. There is also a small snake farm here that conducts demonstrations of venom extraction. Started in 1976 with just twenty-five reptiles, the Bank today faces a crocodile population explosion (mainly the Mugger) with over 7,000 inmates.

How to Get There
Air : Chennai (42-km) is the nearest airport with both domestic and international terminus. Chennai is connected with all the major places in India through the numerous domestic flights. International flights operate from various parts of the world to Chennai.
Rail : The nearest railway stations are Chengalpattu (29-km) and Chennai (42-km).
Road : There are buses available from Pondicherry, Kanchipuram, Chengalpattu and Chennai to Mahabalipuram daily. The Crocodile Bank is on the way to Mahabalipuram. Tourists can also hire a taxi from Chennai (Madras) or Mahabalipuram.


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Wildlife in South India
«» Bandipur National Park «» Bhimeshwari National Park «» Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
«» Crocodile Bank «» Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary «» Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
«» Kunthakulam Bird Sanctuary «» Nagarhole National Park «» Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
«» Viralimalai Sanctuary

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